V neděli 27. listopadu v 15:30 byla v Galerii Emila Juliše zahájena výstava AFRICAN COLOURS, která představila moderní africké výtvarníky, dosud v Čechách nevystavené. Návštěvníci měli možnost seznámit se s díly předních afrických umělců, pocházejících ze dvou sbírek.
Prvním zdrojem expozice byla „dispoziční držba“ souboru uměleckých děl Ilony Bittnerové, prodchnuté entuzianistiskou propagací umělců exotické Tanzanie ve světě. Z jejího depozitáře byli prezentováni čtyři významní představitelé moderního umění, žijící v Dar es Salaamu. Vystavovali nejen v místních, ale také v evropských a amerických galeriích. Malíři Haji Chilonga, Florian Ludovick a Ally Kitogo jsou přátelé a jejich styl nezapře společné umělecké počátky. Salum Kambi je výtvarník používající velmi zajímavou, netradiční techniku.
Veškeré obrazy, které v Galerii Emila Juliše Ilona Bittnerová vystavila, pocházejí ze sbírky Daniela Augusty, který v současné době žije v již zmíněném Dar es Salaamu v Tanzanii.
Druhým zdrojem byla sbírka PhDr. Marie Imbrové, která vstoupila do světa sběratelů moderního afrického umění ve zralém věka a touha porozumět a porovnávat tendence vývoje moderního afrického umění ji vedla nejen k pravidelným nákupům v atelierech jejích oblíbených umělců, ale také k dočasnému členství a spolupráci s galeriemi zemí, v nichž pobývala. Část její sbírky tvoří artefakty zakoupené v národních galeriích těchto států či získané na mezinárodních multikulturních přehlídkách v subsaharské Africe. Právě tento díl její kolekce byl na výstavě African Colours v Černčicích konfrontován se stylově čistou a jednotnou školou malířů z Tanzánie. Každý solitér, beze vších pochybností mimořádný představitel umělecké generace jak v národním, tak mezinárodním měřítku, představil v Černčicích zcela individuální tvorbu. Poprvé tak měli návštěvníci galerie příležitost seznámit se s ukázkami tvorby Fredy Tauro, Thakora Patela či Percy Manyongy ze Zimbabwe; ze Senegalu zde byl zastoupen Daudy Diakhate, Keňu pak reprezentovala mimořádně cenná práce Gabriela Omond Odonda.
Téměř tradičně byla expozice dokreslena sochami z Tengenenge – včetně dvou unikátních děl Bernarda Matemery – a doplněna řadou zajímavých masek a figurek tamních předků.
Aktivity galerie Emila Juliše po výstavě BORN IN ZIMBABWE v roce 2010 neunikly nejvýznamnějšímu africkému uměleckému internetovému portálu African Colours, který převzal nad touto stejnojmenou výstavou mezinárodní mediální záštitu.
Na zahájení je jako vždy zván nejen široký okruh přátel Galerie Emila Juliše, milovníci abstraktního umění a fantazie, ale v tomto případě i přední čeští zájemci o africké umění.
Úvodní slovo pronesl Doc. Phdr. Josef Kandert CSc., významný sociální antropolog se specializací na prostor Afriky a v užším vymezení Afriky subsaharské, vysokoškolský učitel a vedoucí Katedry sociologie Fakulty sociálních věd Univerzity Karlovy v Praze.
Výstavu dne 16. ledna 2012 navštívila rovněž velvyslankyně Jihoafrické republiky v ČR, její excellence Celia-Sandra Botha.
Fotografie Jiřího Boudy
Fotografie Bořka Zasadila
FOTOGRAFIE Z NÁVŠTĚVY VELVYSLANKYNĚ JIHOAFRICKÉ REPUBLIKY V ČR DNE 16. 1. 2012:
JEJÍ EXCELENCE CELIA-SANDRA BOTHA
foto Jaroslav Tošner / Svobodný hlas
OHLASY Z TISKU
Africké abstrakce v galerii v Černčicích (Svobodný hlas, 23. 11. 2011) – formát pdf
Moderní Afrika v Černčicích (Miroslav „Plazík“ Blažek) – formát pdf
Africké abstrakce najdete v Černčicích (PRESS – Týdeník Lounska č. 47, 23. 11. 2011, str. 7) (nepodchyceno)
Africké abstrakce ozdobí Galerii Emila Juliše (Žatecký a lounský deník, 11/2011)
Velvyslankyně v Černčicích… (Svobodný hlas, č. 3/2012) – formát pdf
Haji Chilonga (Autor: Daniel Augusta, www.afrum.org) Haji Chilonga was born on January 24th, 1969 at Lukuledi in south Tanzania. He comes from the pottery and blacksmiths family background. As he was interested in drawings he earned his money from painting commercial advertisements. He became a serious painter in the year of 1992 when he was tutored by more experienced artists. At this time when Chilonga started to paint he drew a few artist to himself. For instance he tought Aly Kitogo and he considerably influenced Florian Ludovick. All these three painters had very similar style but as time went and experiences grew up all found their own personal style. Each painter developed his own distinctive imprint. Chilonga´s paintings talk about local life situations. Chilonga paints also portraits. First exhibition took place in 1995 at Bamayu Gallery in Tanzania. He exhibited the art works in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, USA and Canada. He participated on 3 international art workshops and 4 Solo exhibitions. Recently Chilonga´s style was picked up by a very skillful young artist Thobias Minzi who had some success at AFRICA/NOW exhibition. Much to dismay of Chilonga. Recently Haji Chilonga visited USA.
Ally Kitogo (Autor: Daniel Augusta, www.afrum.org) Ally Kitogo was born on October 14th, 1973 in Dar es Salaam. He fell in love with drawing as a school boy. His first drawings were created already back in 1981. After school graduation he started developing his skills. Kitogo was supported by his experienced friend. He started being involved in serious art as of 1996. His exhibition career has begun in the year of 2000. Short after his art was presented at the exhibitions in various countries as Kenya, Canada, Sweden and Norway. He has also attended several workshops including International Workshop in Naivasha, Kenya. Kitogo’s art is known for his 3-D effect impression. Apart of his art creativity he enjoys music and travelling. His aim is to become a well-known African and world artist.
Florian Ludovick Kaija (Autor: Iman Mani [journalist of the Tanzanian national newspaper Daily News]) Although Florian Ludovick Kaija has made his mark on the Tanzanian art scene, he still struggles daily to get the next meal for his daughter, wife and self. I visited him in his rented two rooms, tucked in a corner of Temeke District in Dar es Salaam Region. This is quite a long way from his place of birth in Bukoba District, north of the country in Kagera Region. He has been living in this run-down section of the commercial capital city since 2005, when he got married. Before this he was living with his older brother in the more affluent neighbouring Kinondoni District. This Fine Artist, the eight born in a family of nine siblings is very proud that four out of his six brothers, himself included, can draw.
Had he not been influenced by three of them when he was a little boy, he might not have been producing such captivating paintings today. Five minutes looking at his spiritual or secular works is sufficient time to prove how beneficial this beginning was for the 37-year-old. Florian has some vague memory of his grandfather, who was a good drawer and the source of this artistic talent in the family. However, the young artist’s father, a former civil servant, who moved from region to region with his family, didn’t inherit this artistic ability. Neither did his mother, a housewife.
The habit of drawing goes back to Florian’s primary school days. Then after completing his secondary schooling in 1991, he came to Dar es Salaam. Here he stayed with one of his elder brothers with the hope of continuing with his education.
„Seeing I was used to drawing, it just happen that I got involved in doing little art works here and there, until it came to the point that I realised there were opportunities here for me to gain from drawing,“ he says. By 1994, the idea of continuing with his formal education was completely forgotten. All his time became tied up with various art activities. He had started out at first with sign writing then met up with another local Fine Artist, Haji Chilonga, who introduced him to actual paintings.
Florian has always painted in the semi-abstract style. Before he painted in oil but now he uses acrylic and even more recently he has introduced a collage touch to some of his works.
In certain paintings he may use pieces of local patterned cloth called Kitenge which he attaches to various places on a particular painting. At times he would even paint over certain sections of this cloth, which brings a different texture and appearance to the overall painting.
Such ideas he says come from being exposed to modern mediums like the Internet. Making use of various other forms of presenting a painting gives the artist an edge over their rivals, he believes. The competition between artists in Tanzania is quite intense these days, as compared to when he started out in this line of work.
Towards the end of 1996, he went to Musoma District in Mara Region, to help one of his elder brothers with some paintings in a church there and a new era in his life began. This brother taught the church choir there and knowing of his younger brother’s spiritual commitment thought he was ideal for such a task.
In remembrance of those days Florian tells me, „There was no way I could refuse, so I went and we worked on the paintings together in the mornings and when my brother was teaching the choir I would continue by myself.“
He first went for three months then returned to Dar es Salaam for one month and went back to Musoma for another three months. For other subsequent projects, which followed he would stay for one or two months. The way of the cross, which consisted of 14 stations, was his first task, at the Shrine of the mercy of God in the Kiabakari Pilgrims Parish Church there.
Florian maintains that his spiritual teachings from childhood become extremely useful when handling such works. He also insists that there is no way he would have been able to fulfil the task had he not been brought up within the Catholic Church. The teachings he adheres to, even today, all come to the forefront and he has to spend much time meditating and planning so as to know how best to present certain scenes and happenings, as mentioned in the Bible.
These paintings have to be done in such a way so that the local people can relate to them. To date he is very proud of his achievements in the churches and the Musoma Cathedral. His paintings have become a familiar sight in and around a number of churches in the region.
The last time he was called for such a task was in 2006, when he went to complete a work he had started in a church’s rosary garden before it was officially opened to the parishioners.
Florian does not think that the spiritual awakening he gets from working in churches is affected by his more earthly works. For he says, „All is work. I cannot deny that there has to be a spiritual dimension to the paintings for The Church but my other works are just another extension of the same man.“
He says his ambition is to become an internationally-known fine artist. Well, he has certainly made his name here at home. The two large paintings of his within the new parliament building in Dodoma Region is evidence of that. They depict the history of the Tanzanian economy. Needless to say the money he received for them did help in his domestic budget.
Převzato z www.afrum.org
Salum Kambi. Born in 1970 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East African painter Salum Kambi, first started to draw because of an argument he had with a friend. „We exchanged nasty caricatures of each other and fought with pen and paper for several years. By the end of primary school, we were voted the best artists of the school.“
When he was in secondary school, Kambi was chosen to be the school’s official artist. „I entered a competition related to research on chimpanzees in the Gombe Forest in Kigoma (western Tanzania) and was one of five artists selected as the winners and had the chance to meet former President Mwalimu Julius Nyerere.“ The Tanzania artist works primarily in oil & acrylic. Kambi’s technique, in which he uses either a palate knife or a fine brush, sometimes both can best be described as a coming together of Lyrical Abstraction & Fauvism. The result of combining the two? Breathtaking works that burn with a bold yet accessible color intensity. The achingly rich color palate found in his works is made all the more striking when one realizes that amazingly, he has had no formal art training.
After finishing secondary school, Kambi was chosen by a Belgian company to go to Kampala, Uganda, where for three years he worked as an artist. After that he returned to Tanzania where he met the famous East African artist, Mohamed Raza, and his son. „They taught me a lot about art and painting.“
Later, Kambi joined a group of artists who were doing sign-making and worked with them for three years. During which time he was introduced to Mr. Mwenesi an artist from the University of Dar es Salaam. Kambi studied with him for six months. From there he joined a group of cartoonists, and worked with the famous cartoonist Gado (Godfrey Mwampemba). „Having no formal art training. I acquired my skills with the help of these fellow Tanzanians artists, and while attending art workshops in Dar es Salaam.“
In 2004, Salum Kambi was the first Tanzanian artist to be selected for the Africa Festival in Rome, Italy. That same year, one of his paintings was chosen for the reception building of the State House in Dar es Salaam. Since then, his has had six solo exhibitions in Dar es Salaam and his works have been shown and collected in several countries Finland, Sweden, Germany, Netherlands, and Italy). In 2007 one of his works was chosen for the home of Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete. Salum Kambi made his American solo debut at U*Space Gallery in 2008. The artist is a member of the WASANII arts Group.
„For Me, art is all about color. I use color to depict feelings … of people, landscapes, animals.“- Salum Kambi
The artist currently resides in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Převzato z www.uspacegallery.com
Ukázka techniky, kterou Salum Kambi maluje
Percy Manyonga, born in Goromonzi, 1971. He comes from Mashonaland, where he was given even a basic education. His artistic talent applied after moving to Harare where it was offered him a three year training at BAT Visual Arts Studios, under the National Gallery and he inspired gradually by creation of Kashira Hilary, Helen Lieros, and Mozambique artist Malangatana Ngweny. Often, he displays natural motives, consequences of human action, or fatal decisions. His paintings have exceptional poeticism and deeply thought-out names. In the Czech Republic, he has not yet been presented more strongly; however, his paintings are located in two Czech private collections.
Bernard Matemera , a first generation artist born in 1946 in Guruve. Bernard is one of the earliest members of The Tengenenge Sculpture Community. As a youth he herded cattle and made clay figures. At school he excelled at woodcarving. Bernard is one of only four or five sculptors who remained at Tengenenge during the liberation struggle.
Uninfluenced by the market place his work is uncompromisingly Africa. His subjects are derived from people and animals he has seen in the past and from dreams. Bernard´s sculpture visualises his early established and highly original view of life, which has not yet been changed by outside influences. His area of Tengenenge is a playground for all shapes, sizes and conditions of man and spirit. We are asked to reshape our notions of beauty and engage in a number of erotic pursuits, to enter a world of romping and rolling and of games of the flesh. His sculpture speaks in a highly suggestive body language. He is the creator of sculpture in the raw – huge naked figures with breasts, buttocks and bulges, charged with sexual energy and all at odds with their massive proportion and bulk.
Within Bernard´s sculptures there is a wide distribution of the properties of man, animal and spirit. In his imagination the essence of these beings are selected, greatly magnified and put together as grotesque human/animal forms of great vitality and classical proportions, embodying grossly distended lips, bulging eyes, horns, gigantic body, feet and hands with two or three toes and fingers. He often portrays the metamorphosis of man into animal – animal into bird etc.
Bernard had works purchased by National Gallery of Zimbabwe, Chapungu Sculpture Park, Volkerkunde Museum Frankfurt, Christensen Fund Perth Australia and Museum of Malawi for permanent collections. Many pieces purchased by private collectors worldwide. In 1987, Bernard was invited to Yugoslavia to make a large sculpture at the Joseph Broz Triro Museum in Titograd. Bernard has also been honoured several times: Honour award at New Delhi Trienale, India; Distinction at Heritage Exhibition at The National Gallery of Zimbabwe; Awards of outdoor sculpture at The Zimbabwe Heritage Exhibition; Merit at Zimbabwe Heritage Exhibition. Bernard passed away in March 2002.
There are four sculpters by Bernard Matemetera in private collection in the Czech Republic, 3 bought directly from Tengenenge a few years ago, one from UTONGA Gallery in U.S.A.
Daouda Diakhate. Ce jeune peintre Sénégalais de 32 ans est en passe de devenir un peintre de tout premier plan, connu et reconnu ! Sorti de l’école des beaux arts de Dakar et neveu du grand Mamadou Diakhaté, c’est tout naturellement que Daouda Diakhate s’installe dans une quete de créativité en solitaire. Il pose ses pinceaux, ses huiles et ses acryliques dans un atelier a MBour et, s’inspirant de la nature, de ses rencontres, de son environnement, il peint et sculpte en rencontrant une estime, une reconnaissance sans cesse croissante. Ses toiles ont déja suscité un grand intéret lors d’expositions a Boston (USA), Toulouse (France) ou Bruxelles (Belgique). les cimaises de Dakar viennent en ce début 2003 de consacrer son talent.
Thakor Patel came to Zimbabwe on an invitation by a friend just after independence in 1980 and fell in love with the country so he decided to stay. He has been producing and selling art here for thirty years now, exhibiting all over the world and winning awards- but like that of many artist, his name remains a footnote to the story of Zimbabwes last three decades. Initially, trying to sell his art, he walked every street corner in Harare but no one appreciated his work until finally he came across a board that read Delta Gallery in Manica Road (now Robert Mugabe Road). He was shown his way into the gallery and upon entering he felt he had come to the right place finally. He was right. He introduced himself to Helen Leiros, the lady in charge, and showed her his work. When she saw it, she was awed and wanted to exhibit it immediately. The answer, off course, was yes, but he had no money to have the framing done and he explained his situation. The gallery helped him out and two weeks later his work was on display.
His drawings were sold for twenty five dollars as compared to fifty cents which he had been offered initially by a card shop. This was the beginning of Thakor Patels journey in the art world of Zimbabwe. Born in India in 1932, he grew up in Sujitra in the Kaira district of Gujarat. At school he was told by teachers that he could never be an artist because he was disabled. Against all odds he studied drawing and painting for five years and completed with a first class position. He also did a four year commercial arts course at Mumbais Sir J. J. School of Art where he graduated with a first class diploma in painting and drawing. He then worked as a textile designer and assistant director for Weaver Service Centre at the All India Handloom Board. I initially started learning music but a friend of mine told me I could become a painter, Thakor said in an interview with The Zimbo Jam. After that I went on to study art but my teachers had told me that I could not be an artist which made me very stubborn and so I went on to become an artist.
This is one of Patels defining characteristics. He is a man of few words but there is a resilience and strength about him that you cannot miss. As Weaver Press Murray McCartney puts it Thakor Patel is a lovely artist. Hes humble and shy yet he can be tough and if he decides something is right or wrong he makes his position very clear. McCartney then adds a sad but truth. Patel is, he says; A gentle highly moral led person whos a beautiful artist. When he first tried to sell his paintings he could not afford to frame them and thirty years down the line he still cant afford to frame his own pictures. So life is a struggle for an artist but he cant stop and is still here doing what he knows best. Patel has travelled, exhibited his work and attended workshops all over the world including in the USA, UK, Japan, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Senegal and his homeland India, just to name some. His list of awards, honours and exhibitions is a wonder to behold and we have published them here just so you can see it for yourself. His work can be seen in the National Gallery of Zimbabwe’s permanent collection, in the collection of art at Zimbabwe’s State House and in collections in at least twenty other countries. From 1982 to 1990 he lectured Graphic Design at the Harare Polytechnic College.
Now, he lives with his wife, in a flat in Belvedere, still painting as if his life depended on it- and perhaps it does. In March 2010 some friends of his organised a solo exhibition of his work at Gallery Delta as a way of celebrating his work and helping him to raise money for his upkeep. Marie Imbrova bought 5 pieces from this exhibition and transeffered them to Dakar for the 3th Black Festival.
Freddy Tauro, born in 1979 in Seke, Zimbabwe. Today he lives and works in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe. This young and promising artist is enchanting us with his fresh and colourful, semi-abstract paintings depicting places and landscapes – rural ans well as urban. A great colourist, a very competent creator of forms and rythms on the canvas to catch our eye and mind and which almost inevitably bring about good feelings. Freddy Tauro started painting inspired by his late brother Fasoni Sibanda. He attended the BAT workshop school at the National Gallery in Harare from 1997 to 2000. He has exhibited in the Verandah Gallery and also several times in the Gallery Delta and the National Gallery (all in Harare). Since 2006 Freddy Tauro presents his work in Friends Forever exhibitions.